Europe Biochar Market is estimated to reach USD 450 million by 2021 | Market Data Forecast

(EMAILWIRE.COM, September 06, 2017 ) The Europe Biochar Market was worth USD 240 million in 2016 and estimated to be growing at a CAGR of 13.6%, to reach USD 450 million by 2021. Biochar is a fine-grained charcoal rich in carbon, prepared by heating biomass in oxygen free air. It is added to soil to enhance the physical and chemical properties in order to amount of crops produced. The market has high growth rate due to increasing food demand and decreasing soil quality due to excessive use of chemical fertilisers.

Browse Market data tables and in-depth TOC of the Europe Biochar Market to 2021 @ http://www.marketdataforecast.com/market-reports/europe-biochar-market-3016/

Apart from increasing the soil quality as they have a lot of nutrients, biochar has other advantages like retaining carbon into soil from the atmosphere. It can be used for capturing the greenhouse gas CO2, responsible for global warming. It can retain nutrients from flowing soil water. Producing biochar results in additional energy which can be used again for the same process. It also increases the quality of soil by absorption of water.

The Europe market for Biochar is primarily driven by factors like increasing demand for organic farming, rising demand from the agricultural sector, stringent environmental regulations rising usage of biochar in livestock as animal feed, and its waste management applications among others. But the market is constrained by lack of awareness and high prices. However, the awareness about Biochar is increasing rapidly.

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The Europe Biochar market is segmented by application into agriculture, gardening, households and others. Agriculture dominates the market having the largest market share of around 45% and is also the fastest growing segment. By technology, the market is divided into microwave pyrolysis, continuous pyrolysis, batch pyrolysis kiln, gasifier, hydrothermal, cook stove and others. By manufacturing the market is segmented into gasification, pyrolysis and others. Biochar is mostly produced by pyrolysis, hence it has the largest market share in this segment. By feedstock the market is divided into agricultural waste, forestry waste, animal manure and biomass plantations.

The Europe market for Biochar is geographically segmented into United Kingdom, France, Italy, Germany and Spain. It is the second largest market in the world for Biochar. The European market is driven primarily as Biochar is used extensively in the production of meat as food stock. The growth is expected to be steady in the forecast period.

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Some of the major companies dominating the Europe Biochar market are Biochar Products Inc., Diacarbon Energy Inc., Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Genesis Industries, Green Charcoal International, Vega Biofuels Inc., The Biochar Company, Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Full Circle Biochar, and Pacific Pyrolysis Pty Ltd.

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Sturgeon plans to switch Scotland to electric vehicles by 2032

PETROL and diesel cars and vans should be phased out in Scotland by 2032 in a bid to make the country a leader in the global shift to electric vehicles, Nicola Sturgeon has said.

Setting out a series of linked measures on the economy, infrastructure, transport and the environment, Ms Sturgeon said the move would be eight years before the rest of the UK.

The change, which will require creating a nationwide network of charging points, is intended to project Scotland to the world as a place in which to invest in future technologies.

The First Minister told MSPs: “To encourage others to see Scotland as the place to research, design and manufacture their innovations - for us to become a laboratory for the rest of the world in the digital and low-carbon technologies that we want to champion - we must also become early adopters of them.

“The transition from petrol and diesel cars and vans to electric and other ultra-low-emission vehicles is underway and gathering pace. "We intend to put Scotland at the forefront of that.

“Our aim is for new petrol and diesel cars and vans to be phased out in Scotland by 2032 - the end of the period that is covered by our new climate change plan and eight years ahead of the target that was set by the UK Government.”

Although Holyrood does not have the power to ban the sale of petrol and diesel cars in Scotland, or to ban them from crossing the power, the plan is to offer a comprehensive charging infrastructure that makes electric cars the natural choice.

“Over the next few months, we will set out detailed plans to massively expand the number of electric charging points in rural, urban and domestic settings,” Ms Sturgeon said.

“We will also make the A9, already a major infrastructure project, Scotland’s first fully electric-enabled highway.

“It sends a message to the world: we look to the future with excitement, we welcome innovation and we want to lead that innovation.

“That ambition will help stimulate economic activity, but it is also part of our plans to improve our environment and the quality of the air that we breathe.”

She said the government would extend the fund for green buses to speed up the use of electric and ultra-low emission vehicles in both the public and private sectors.

There would also be a new Innovation Fund to invest £60m in low carbon energy, including electric battery storage, sustainable heating systems and electric vehicle charging points in built-up urban areas.

Friends of the Earth Scotland described it as the greenest programme for government in Holyrood history.

Director Dr Richard Dixon said: "Pomises here will reduce climate change emissions, save people from air pollution and help Scotland become a leading example of a low carbon country."

Gina Hanrahan of WWF Scotland, said: "Decarbonising our transport sector in fifteen years will create new jobs, cut emissions and clean up our polluted air.

"This announcement will help accelerate the shift to electric vehicles and sets us up to lead the technologies of the future."

Jenny Hogan of Scottish Renewables, said: "A focus on ultra-low emission vehicles, and particularly a drive to encourage their uptake by public bodies, will help move our transport system to one powered increasingly by renewables."

Outlining other economic measures, Ms Sturgeon told MSPs “Scotland must lead change, not trail in its wake”, and be a centre for digital, hitch tech and low carbon industries.

She said the government would increase investment in business research and development by 70 per cent to generate an estimated £300m more over the next three years.

There would also be a new network of trade envoys, and support for financial technology (Fintech) with a goal of Edinburgh being in the top ten Fintech centres in the world.

The recent Barclay Review of business rate reform would be taken forward “quickly” with an implementation plan published by the end of the year, she said.

Work would also start on a new Scottish National Investment Bank , with outgoing Tesco CEO Benny Higgins developing its remit, governance and operating model.

The Tories reacted with scorn, saying the SNP had been touting the same bank for years.

The Scottish Chambers of Commerce applauded the Government’s ambition for Scotland “to be the inventor and the producer, not just a consumer, of the innovations that will shape the lives of our children and grandchildren.”

However it noted a lack of detail and timescales, and urged greater “clarity”, including on the Investment Bank.

Ms Sturgeon also announced a “deposit return scheme for drinks containers” to boost recycling and cut down on litter.

Willie Mackenzie of Greenpeace UK called it "a massive step in stopping plastic pollution".

However the Packaging Recycling Group Scotland warned the move could "undermine local authority waste systems, inconvenience consumers, harm small shops with limited storage capacity to handle dirty returns while adding costs to household bills".


Scotland beats South Africa and New Zealand to be crowned world's most beautiful country

SCOTLAND has outshone Italy, South Africa and New Zealand to be crowned the world’s most beautiful country by readers of a respected travel guide for the first time.

Emphasising its “wild beaches, deep lochs and craggy castles”, the poll for Rough Guides also highlighted its “wonderful and beautiful sights”.

Scotland polled ahead of Canada and New Zealand were placed second and third respectively.

Edinburgh’s Old Town, Stirling Castle, Glen Coe and the beaches of South Harris are among the places recommended to visitors in The Rough Guides’ book.

Herald View: Scotland is beautiful but let's try to keep it that way

The shock result was welcomed by tourism organisation Visit Scotland which said it would provide a further pull to visitors who have been flocking to the country.

Spokeswoman Barbara Clark said: “Scotland has won a few accolades over years, usually for its natural landscapes or its people and it’s really good to see the country topping a poll for its beauty and wide open spaces.

“We have seen a growth in international visitors this year, particularly from America. Part of that is that the exchange rate is good for visitors, that has made a huge difference.”

Travel writer and broadcaster Cameron McNeish said Scotland deserved the accolade but warned that developments in some remote areas could spoil some landscapes.

“I think it’s the wonderful diversity of landscape that we have in Scotland that makes it so special,” he said. “Take for example the different characteristics of the Cairngorms and the Skye Cuillin, yet they are only half a day’s car travel apart.

“Much the same could be said of Torridon and the Trossachs or the wonderful landscapes of the far North-West compared with the massive, empty acres of the Caithness Flow Country.”

But he warned: “Sadly our wild land areas are being despoiled continually by windfarm development, hydro development, hundreds of new bulldozed tracks crossing the summits and the mono-culture of the grouse shooting industry.

“If Scotland is thought to be the most beautiful country in the world then we have to protect that beauty, not tarnish it in the name of economic development.”

Herald View: Scotland is beautiful but let's try to keep it that way

A Scottish Government spokeswoman said its policies ensure developments are sited at appropriate locations.

But while there is a need to pursue Scotland’s “vast potential” as renewable energy producer, she added, it must be done in a way that protects the country’s “magnificent natural environment”.


UK electric car plan could cause power shortages

Britain must plough billions of pounds into new power plants, grid networks and electric vehicle charging points if it is to avoid local power shortages when a planned ban on new diesel and petrol cars begins.

Supporting millions more battery-powered vehicles over the next two decades is technically feasible, and if drivers can be persuaded to recharge them overnight – when spare power capacity is abundant – the huge infrastructure cost could be kept down.

Local networks particularly face problems, so the country will need a range of technologies for managing consumption to meet an estimated rise of up to 15 per cent in overall demand and prevent spikes of up to 40 per cent at peak times.

“It will be a challenge and a lot of investment is required - in generation capacity, strengthening the distribution grid and charging infrastructure,” said Johannes Wetzel, energy markets analyst at Wood Mackenzie.

In July, the government said it would ban the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans from 2040. The aim is to reduce air pollution, a source of growing public health concerns, and help Britain to cut carbon emissions by 80 per cent by 2050 from 1990 levels - the target it has set itself.

Although some conventional cars will remain on the road, numbers of electric vehicles (EVs) could balloon to 20 million by 2040 from around 90,000 today, experts estimate. Charging them all will require additional electricity.

Britain already faces a power supply crunch in the early 2020s as old nuclear reactors come to the end of their lives and remaining coal-fired plants are phased out by 2025.

Four years ago, well before the conventional car ban was raised, the government said over £100bn ($130bn) in investment would be needed to ensure clean, secure electricity supplies and to reduce demand.

That looks optimistic. The cost of Hinkley Point C alone, the only nuclear power station now under construction in Britain, is estimated at £19.6bn.

Gas plants are cheaper and faster to build but investment in new ones is flat, and they still produce carbon emissions. Renewable energy presents problems of matching supply and demand; solar panels for instance produce no power in the night when drivers would ideally recharge their electric cars.

OFF-PEAK INCENTIVES

Estimates vary on future numbers of electric vehicles, as well as hybrids and those powered by hydrogen fuel cells which do not require mains electricity. However, several analysts surveyed by Reuters said anything up to an extra 50 terrawatt hours (TWh) would be needed for them by 2040.

Bernstein analysts say overall demand could increase by 41-49 TWh, or 13-15 per cent of current levels. However, a 15 per cent rise would translate into a 40 per cent jump in peak demand if drivers charged their cars between 6 and 9 pm, when electricity consumption is at its highest.

This problem can be eased by encouraging charging at night, when demand is currently only about a third of during peak periods. “We do not see the transition to EVs as posing a significant stress on peak demand if charging were incentivised to happen at off-peak times,” they said.

Britain has made progress in energy efficiency. Overall and peak power demand fell by around 14 per cent between 2005 and 2016, even though the economy grew by the same amount.

“There is definitely some slack in the transmission and distribution system to tolerate an increase in the peak demand,” according to Bernstein.

Its “extreme scenario” projection of a 40 per cent rise in peak demand equates to 24 gigawatts (GW). But National Grid, which operates the transmission system, has said the rise in peak demand can be kept to 5 GW if there is smart charging and time-of-use electricity tariffs.

Such encouragement of off-peak EV charging by making power cheaper than at peak times of the day will be essential.

“A very large peak demand could be the outcome if other things don’t happen, such as smart grids, smart charging and energy storage, although we expect these technology solutions to be developed to support increasing power demand within sensible peak levels,” said Richard Sarsfield-Hall, director at Poyry Management Consulting.

FEELING THE PINCH

While nationally there may be some slack, local grids and distribution networks could feel the pinch. A trial by Scottish and Southern Electricity Networks found that uncontrolled EV charging would double the usual domestic load to 2 kilowatts (kW) when using a 3.5 kW charger. More powerful chargers would exacerbate the load strain further.

The company’s head of asset management and innovation, Stewart Reid, said up to 30 per cent of its local networks could experience problems such as power loss if 40-70 per cent of its customers have EVs, based on 3.5 kW chargers.

Spreading out charging through the night could save around £2.2bn of expenditure in replacing or upgrading cables or transformers, he added.

Capacity problems could also start in the home. National Grid says that drivers charging their cars at home might not be able to use items such as kettles, ovens and immersion heaters at the same time without tripping their house’s main fuse. “The house electricity supply is one ‘pinch point’,” it said in a background article.

The piece raised another difficulty: it estimated that 43 per cent of households have no off-street parking, meaning drivers could not recharge their cars overnight in their garage or driveway as they slept in their homes.

An alternative is more public power points at supermarkets, allowing cars to be charged while their owners shop inside. However, few drivers would probably want to buy groceries in the dead of night, the best time for easing grid loads.

Even if the grid can bear the burden, increasing charging points from the current 13,000 won’t be cheap.

“The UK by 2040 needs 1-2.5 million new charging points. An average public charging point costs 25-30,000 euros so it would need to invest 33-87bn euros from now until 2040,” said Wood Mackenzie’s Wetzel.

STUNTED DEVELOPMENT

All but one of Britain’s existing nine nuclear plants, which can together produce around 9 GW, are set to close by 2030 unless their lives are extended. On top of this, 12 GW of coal capacity will shut by 2025.

At the end of last year, gas-fired capacity totalled 32 GW and the government has said more such plants could help fill the gap left by coal. However, weak wholesale power prices have stunted new development.

Britain’s largest gas plant to open for three years, at 884 MW, came online last year in Manchester at a cost over £700m. But plans for a 2-GW gas plant nearby have stalled as the developer struggled to find investment for the £800m project.

One risk is that by using this fossil fuel to meet extra power demand, Britain could end up emitting more greenhouse gases in charging EVs than conventional cars do already.

Norway has proportionately the largest EV fleet in the world, and in January they accounted for 37.5 per cent of new car sales. However, the country relies on carbon-free hydropower for almost all electricity supplies.

The government has projected that almost 140 GW of generation capacity is needed by 2035 to replace ageing plants and as electricity demand increases. This is around 30 GW higher than current levels.

Sources could include onshore and offshore wind, gas, biomass, nuclear and power links with Europe.

But Britain has struggled to get nuclear projects built, mainly due to the high costs. EDF’s 3.2 GW Hinkley Point C plant is expected to be operational by 2025 at the earliest.

Much of the necessary investment will fall on the private sector. But experts say the state, including energy market regulator Ofgem, must ensure the country achieves a reliable mix of power sources and builds infrastructure such as more interconnectors. These links with continental Europe allow the import and export of power to match supply and demand.

“If we get an increase in renewables, interconnectors, some new gas and nuclear (plants), we can get the power required, but you need the government and Ofgem to help deliver that,” said Simon Virley, UK head of power and utilities at KPMG.

“And there is a question mark over localised pinch points and grid stability issues,” he added.

Reuters